Monday – Friday 7:30 A.M.- 4:30 P.M.
Saturday & Sunday Closed

Pediatric Eye Care


Welcome to our interactive intro to Pediatric eye care! Whether you’re a parent, caregiver, or simply interested in learning more about children’s eye health, you’re in the right place.

Pediatric eye care is crucial for the overall development and well-being of children. Good vision plays a vital role in a child’s ability to learn, socialize, and navigate the world around them. In this interactive guide, we will cover various aspects of pediatric eye care, including common eye conditions, the importance of regular eye exams, and tips for maintaining healthy vision in children.

Keep scrolling to find out more about your Guam Pediatric Eye Care options, and discover how we at Eye Care Guam have helped patients from around the world achieve the crisp, clear vision they deserve.

Have Pediatric Eye Care related Questions? We Have Answers!

What is Pediatric eye care?
Snellen Test at Eye Care Guam

What is Pediatric eye care?

Pediatric eye care refers to the specialized medical care and treatment of children’s eye and vision health. It involves the diagnosis, management, and prevention of various eye conditions and visual disorders that affect infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatric eye care professionals, such as pediatric ophthalmologists and optometrists, are trained to provide comprehensive eye examinations, vision screenings, and treatment options tailored specifically for children. They address issues such as refractive errors (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism), amblyopia (lazy eye), strabismus (crossed or misaligned eyes), eye infections, congenital eye abnormalities, and other visual problems that can impact a child’s development and overall well-being. Regular pediatric eye care is crucial for early detection and intervention of eye conditions, ensuring optimal vision and eye health throughout a child’s life.

Cataract Testing

How often should children have an eye exam?

The frequency of eye exams for children can vary depending on their age and individual circumstances. However, the American Academy of Ophthalmology and the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus recommend the following guidelines:

  • Infants should have their first comprehensive eye exam between 6 and 12 months of age.
  • Preschool-aged children (3-5 years old) should have at least one comprehensive eye exam.
  • School-aged children (6-18 years old) without any known vision problems should have a comprehensive eye exam every two years.
  • Children with existing vision problems or risk factors for eye conditions may require more frequent eye exams as recommended by their eye care professional.

What happens during a routine eye exam?

During a routine eye exam for children, the following typically happens:

1. Medical History: The eye doctor will ask questions about the child’s general health, family history of eye problems, and any current symptoms or concerns.

2. Visual Acuity Test: This test measures how well the child can see at various distances. The child is asked to read letters or symbols on a chart from a specific distance.

3. Refraction Test: This test determines if the child needs glasses or contact lenses. The doctor uses a series of lenses and asks the child to choose which ones make the letters on the chart appear clearer.

4. Eye Muscle Test: The doctor checks the child’s eye alignment and movement to ensure both eyes are working together properly.

5. Binocular Vision Test: This test assesses how well the child’s eyes work together. The doctor may use special tests to evaluate depth perception, eye teaming, and focusing ability.

6. Eye Health Evaluation: The doctor examines the child’s eyes using various instruments, including a light and a magnifying lens. This helps detect any abnormalities or signs of eye diseases.

7. Pupil and Eye Pressure Assessment: The doctor may shine a light into the child’s eyes to check the size and reaction of the pupils. Additionally, a tonometer may be used to measure the pressure inside the eyes, which is important in screening for glaucoma.

8. Additional Tests (if necessary): Depending on the child’s age, symptoms, or specific concerns, additional tests may be performed. These can include color vision testing, visual field testing, or evaluation of the retina using specialized equipment.

9. Discussion and Recommendations: After completing the examination, the eye doctor will discuss the findings with the child’s parent or guardian. They may recommend glasses, contact lenses, vision therapy, or further treatment if necessary.

It’s important to note that the specific procedures may vary based on the child’s age, the eye doctor’s preferences, and the child’s individual needs.

Cataract Background Image

How can I promote good eye care habits for my child?

 Promote good eye care habits by encouraging your child to take regular breaks from screens, maintain a proper distance while reading or using electronic devices, and wear protective eyewear when necessary. Additionally, ensure they have regular eye exams to catch any potential issues early.

What is Pediatric Eye Care?

Pediatric eye care refers to the specialized medical care provided to infants, children, and adolescents for the diagnosis, treatment, and management of eye and vision problems. It focuses on the unique needs of children’s eyes, which are still developing and require different approaches compared to adult eye care.

Pediatric eye care includes regular eye examinations, early detection and treatment of eye conditions, vision screenings, and management of eye diseases and disorders in children. It aims to ensure optimal visual health and development, as well as prevent or address any vision issues that may affect a child’s learning, development, and overall quality of life.

Pediatric eye care specialists, known as pediatric ophthalmologists or pediatric optometrists, have expertise in assessing and managing various eye conditions specific to children, such as refractive errors (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism), amblyopia (lazy eye), strabismus (crossed eyes), congenital cataracts, eye infections, and other vision-related problems.

Pediatric eye care may involve prescribing corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses, providing vision therapy exercises, performing eye surgeries if necessary, and offering guidance to parents on proper eye care and visual development milestones for their children. Regular eye exams during childhood are crucial for early detection and timely treatment of any eye conditions, promoting healthy vision and overall eye health.

Beautiful eye

A Modern Approach
Pediatric Eye Care

A modern approach to pediatric eye care involves utilizing advanced technology and techniques to provide the best possible care for children’s eyes. Some key aspects of a modern approach to pediatric eye care include:

1. Early detection and intervention: Early identification of eye problems is crucial in children. Modern pediatric eye care emphasizes the use of advanced screening tools and techniques to detect vision issues at an early stage. This may include the use of specialized vision screening devices, such as autorefractors and photoscreeners, which can quickly assess a child’s visual acuity and detect common eye conditions.

2. Digital imaging and diagnostic tools: Modern pediatric eye care often incorporates digital imaging and diagnostic tools to obtain detailed images of the eye structures. This includes techniques like optical coherence tomography (OCT) and retinal photography, which provide high-resolution images of the retina and other ocular structures. These tools aid in the diagnosis and monitoring of various eye conditions in children.

3. Vision therapy and rehabilitation: Vision therapy is an integral part of modern pediatric eye care. It involves a personalized program of eye exercises and activities designed to improve visual skills and correct certain vision problems. Vision therapy may include activities to enhance eye tracking, focusing, and coordination. Modern approaches to vision therapy often incorporate computer-based programs and interactive tools to make the therapy engaging and effective for children.

4. Collaboration with other healthcare professionals: Modern pediatric eye care emphasizes interdisciplinary collaboration among different healthcare professionals. Pediatric ophthalmologists or optometrists work closely with pediatricians, neurologists, geneticists, and other specialists to provide comprehensive care for children with complex eye conditions or underlying health issues.

5. Family-centered care and education: A modern approach to pediatric eye care recognizes the importance of involving parents and caregivers in the care process. It focuses on providing education and guidance to parents about their child’s eye health, visual development, and proper eye care practices. This may include information about nutrition, screen time management, and sun protection for the eyes.

Overall, a modern approach to pediatric eye care combines advanced technology, evidence-based practices, and a holistic approach to ensure the best possible visual outcomes and overall eye health for children.

What is “Advanced”
Pediatric Eye Care?

“Advanced” pediatric eye care refers to the use of cutting-edge technology, techniques, and treatments in the field of pediatric ophthalmology or optometry. It involves the application of the latest advancements in diagnostic tools, surgical procedures, and treatment options to provide the highest level of care for children’s eye health.

Some examples of advanced pediatric eye care include:

1. Advanced diagnostic imaging: Advanced imaging technologies such as optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasound, and high-resolution retinal imaging provide detailed and precise images of the eye structures. These imaging techniques assist in the accurate diagnosis and monitoring of various eye conditions in children.

2. Minimally invasive surgeries: Advanced surgical techniques, such as micro-incisional cataract surgery, minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS), and laser-assisted refractive surgeries, are used to treat eye conditions in children with minimal trauma and faster recovery times. These techniques allow for precise surgical interventions while minimizing the risks and discomfort associated with traditional surgical approaches.

3. Genetic testing and personalized medicine: Advanced genetic testing allows for the identification of specific genetic mutations or disorders that may contribute to pediatric eye conditions. This information helps in tailoring treatment plans and providing personalized care based on an individual child’s genetic profile.

4. Vision correction options: Advanced contact lens designs, orthokeratology (corneal reshaping therapy), and customized spectacle lenses are available to correct refractive errors in children. These options provide improved visual outcomes and convenience for children who require vision correction.

5. Collaborative care with other specialties: Advanced pediatric eye care often involves collaboration with other medical specialties such as pediatric neurology, genetics, and developmental pediatrics. This multidisciplinary approach ensures comprehensive care for children with complex eye conditions that may be associated with other systemic or neurological disorders.

6. Research and clinical trials: Advanced pediatric eye care is often closely linked to ongoing research and clinical trials aimed at developing new treatments, surgical techniques, and therapeutic approaches for pediatric eye conditions. Participation in clinical trials allows access to innovative treatments and the opportunity to contribute to advancements in the field.

Overall, advanced pediatric eye care combines the use of state-of-the-art technology, personalized medicine, interdisciplinary collaboration, and ongoing research to provide the best possible outcomes for children with eye conditions.


Dr. Peter Lombard is a board-certified ophthalmologist


Enjoy the benefits

Better Visual Function. Assessment of Risks. Check for Potential Blindness. Identify Early Symptoms. Helps Avoid Life-Threatening Diseases. Helps Identify Diabetic Eye Diseases.


You Don't Have To Worry

Looking after your eyes is vital for your vision and to avoid or relieve eye health issues such as dry eyes and anterior blepharitis (inflammation of the eye lids). Eye lid cleansing is one of the easiest ways to take care of your eyes.


Intraocular Lens

The benefits of intraocular lenses are: It is not just to correct one problem. Improved vision. They're customizable. Independence from glasses.


Two Convenient Locations


Affordable Care

While it may seem like a large investment up front, you may be surprised at how affordable eye surgery is once you consider lifetime costs of appointments for prescriptions, frames, lenses, contacts, and accessories like contact solution etc.


Financing Options

People often need different types of glasses for different activities, including prescription sunglasses or some on their last pair of contact lenses while their next box is on order. Eye Surgery removes these day-to-day hassles and concerns.


Personalized Attention

It’s normal to take pride in our appearance, and some people just don’t like how they look in glasses or may be bothered by having to touch their eye while inserting and removing contact lenses.

Asian couple